There’s been a buzz around the Japanese art of kokedama in recent years, with terrific displays at major flower shows including Chelsea, Hampton Court and Malvern as well as the RHS Urban Garden show (not to mention a rise in fans showing off their own creations on Instagram).

What is kokedama?

Never heard of it? Originating in 17th century Japan and derived from the ancient art of bonsai, kokedama translated means ‘moss ball’.

The art generally involves removing a root system and plant from its container, wrapping the roots in a ball of wet compost, and enveloping the whole soggy mess in a ball of moss, before tying it up with string. You then suspend it, so the leaves dangle over the edge of the moss, in a sort of alternative Japanese hanging basket

Сomposition with Japanese Kokedama Plant.

“The Japanese don’t have very much space, so if you’ve got everything suspended and hanging down, you can create a really lovely display,” explains florist, planting designer and author Carolyn Dunster. She created an eye-catching kokedama display at 2018’s RHS Malvern Spring Festival.

As for which plants are suitable for the method, Dunster prefers ferns and plants that suit a woodland setting. But you could just as easily create festive kokedamas with poinsettias, Christmas cacti and colourful azaleas for the festive season. “I used poinsettias last year and they looked really cool, because the colour of the poinsettia against the dark green of the moss worked really well,” says Dunster. “Or, at Christmas, you could use ivy with some fairy lights threaded through it. But out of everything I’ve experimented with, ferns seem to be the plants that adapt best to the kokedama treatment.

Kokedama balls with a tillandsia plants

Don’t put more than one plant in a kokedama, or they might struggle. And use plants which don’t have huge root balls and which don’t want to expand too much. Christmas cacti and most houseplants also lend themselves well to kokedama. If you’re wrapping them in moss, use plants that fit into that environment.

“I don’t like plants that look too designed. I like things to look natural. You are bringing nature inside. Little bulbs like Narcissus paperwhites look lovely, or little muscari bulbs or anything which fits into a woodland setting,” Dunster notes.

How to make kokedama

Keen to give kokedama a go? Here’s Dunster’s step-by-step guide…

1. What you’ll need

(Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

You’ll need a suitable plant, florists’ wire, string, secateurs and wire cutters, a piece of hessian and some sheet moss, plus a mister for misting the plant and moss at the end.

2. Form a root ball and wrap it up

Use the hessian to secure the root ball (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

Remove the plant from its pot, water it so it’s moist, and then mould the compost surrounding the roots into a ball. Wrap the root ball in a little bit of hessian, securing it with string or a piece of florists wire. The hessian will keep the compost in place.

3. Use string and wire for hanging

Use wire and string to enable you to hang up the plant (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

Using string and florists’ wire, make a loop from which you can hang the kokedama. Tie the string to two pieces of wire and attach them to the hessian on both sides.

Attach the wire to either side of the hessian (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

4. Roll out your moss

Wrap the hessian in sheet moss (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

“I think it’s best to use sheet moss, which you can get from most florists. It’s moss that’s more knitted together, so bits aren’t going to drop off. You can use sphagnum moss but you have to bind that in,” Dunster advises.

Sheet moss is harvested from woodland areas in the countryside and comes in big pieces. Roll the moss out with a rolling pin before wrapping it around the hessian, trying to keep it intact so the moss remains in one piece.

5. Secure it with florists’ wire

Secure the moss with florists wire (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

Once you’ve secured the moss around the root ball with florists’ wire, trim the overlapping excess with sharp scissors.

Trim the excess moss (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

You can then put it on a table in a saucer, or fashion it so that it’s suspended with some bits of wire or string.

6. Don’t overdo the watering

“You only need to mist the kokedama every now and again. If it starts to dry out, sit the whole thing in a bucket of water overnight. They’re not difficult to look after. You just have to keep an eye on them,” says Dunster.

Depending on the plants you use, some kokedama can be taken outside during the warmer months to create a display. But at this time of year they come into their own indoors.

A finished kokedama (Nicholas Hodgson/PA)

7. Finally – find the perfect setting

“If you have the space, a display of suspended kokedama looks lovely, in a hallway or a room where they can take centre stage,” says Dunster. “Have them at slightly different heights – so if you have three or five at different heights then you get the real effect of what they were originally used for, which was the Japanese string garden. It’s how to create an indoor hanging garden.”

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