Creating a pocket of calm and tranquillity in the chaos of the city is possible if you apply biophilic design to urban spaces, say botanist and TV presenter James Wong and acclaimed designer DaeWha Kang, who are fronting a Thanks Plants campaign by

Award-winning designer DaeWha Kang
Award-winning designer DaeWha Kang (

Having recently created a dazzling array of plants in a space the size of an average kitchen at London’s first Houseplant Hideout installation, they are now trying to get people to further connect with nature, no matter how small their urban space, through biophilic design.


What is biophilic design?

“Biophilia means love of life or living things. Essentially all it’s saying is that humans have a natural instinct to prefer certain habitats. When we are deprived of the environment that we evolved to live in, we start to exhibit signs of stress,” says Wong.

Design comes into it as we seek to connect with nature from the confines of our homes. It revolves around humans’ innate draw towards nature, especially as the winter draws closer and many people are still working from home or hybrid working.

“There’s a sense of mystery, joy or refuge in plants which we see as really calming and a break from the intensity and anxiety of regular life – biophilic design aims to create pockets of refuge and tranquillity and plants can really help to do that,” adds Kang, award-winning international designer and architect.

The colour green is all-important

“One of the most important constituents of our habitat is the colour green,” says Wong. “When it comes to garden design or even city design, being in a green environment such as a park helps reduce stress and has been linked to things as diverse as lower crime rate and higher birth rate.”

How can we bring biophilic design into an urban home?

“If I want a view of a park in Central London, I’d need an extra two million quid to move to the right house,” Wong quips. “But you can create your own view with houseplants on a windowsill, even in the middle of December, with something as simple as cacti and some succulents.”

Are some plants better for biophilic design than others?

“Research is in its infancy, but we know that there’s something about looking at green over and above doing it in a passive way. Interacting with plants, doing things like mindfulness training, repotting and polishing their leaves, is a benefit, as is seeing new signs of growth.

“I would suggest you choose a green plant, one that changes over time, flowering seasonally for example, or growing quickly so you always see that new leaf.”

Creating atmosphere in rooms

Kang explains: “People should think about their plants together with their space, where the light comes from, what is the quality of the space, where would I feel like a little bit of refuge, a little bit of mystery, or if I would seek a little bit of vibrancy in my mood in a particular room.

“We think about how we want to feel in that space first and then build the plants around that.”

How do you create different moods the biophilic way?

“If you want a reception room to be lively, for instance, you want bigger statements. Find a way to understand your furniture layout and where people are going to want to be spending time. You can imagine having some big kentia palms creating a canopy over a low seating area by the window.

“It’s a real statement piece when guests walk into the room, but when they’ve gone, it can be a calming place to read a book under the window and be close up to the plants and cut off from the world,” says Kang.

Replicate nature

“In nature, things tend to cluster together. You wouldn’t just find one kentia palm or a monstera all by itself in nature. There tends to be a colony together. Create a naturalistic feel with clusters.

“Then you might seek out some different species that you’d see in nature, such as a bird’s nest fern which could go under the canopy level and will give you more detail as you get closer. You’ll feel like a corner of nature has come into your house, not just a potted plant,” Kang suggests.

If you are going for a cluster of plants, go for odd numbers of the same type of plant, Kang advises.

“You won’t have the same feeling of naturalism if you have one of each different variety.  In the wild, plants form colonies in clusters. Things in nature don’t grow symmetrically,” he says.

“Think about how many plants you think you want to get, then have some courage and double it. Get enough so you feel it’s not a sad lonely plant. There has to be enough so you feel there’s a little riot of nature happening.”

Best-selling houseplants

Stuck for inspiration? Check out our list of best-selling houseplants!

SaleBestseller No. 1
Evergreen Indoor House Plants Collection Clean Air Purifying Scandi Lifestyle Real Plants with...
  • Breathe new life into your living room, bedroom, kitchen and office space with this collection of live indoor green house plants inspired by the attractive and minimalist scandi lifestyle - Supplied...
  • Indoor house plants; supplied as a random assortment of 3 x house plants in the Scandi house plant collection in 12cm nursery pot (Approx 20 - 40cm Tall). Plant varieties can be identified by...
  • Plants will be selected at random from a large collection and may include the following varieties: Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant), Small Aloe Vera, Dracaena marginata (Madagascan Dragon Tree),...
Bestseller No. 2
Ficus benjamina Variegated Kinky Weeping Fig Live Indoor Houseplant in 14cm Pot
  • Pot Size (Supplied): 14cm
  • Supplied Height (incl pot): 20-30cm
  • Characteristics: Compact, upright, outwardly spreading habit. Light green coloured leaves with a cream edge
Bestseller No. 3
Calathea Crocata Plant - Live Eternal Flame Shrub Indoor Houseplant in 14cm Pot
  • Pot Size: 14cm (Image for Illustration purposes - supplied in growers pot)
  • Height Supplied (Inc. Pot): 35-45cm
  • Nature: This plant has long leaves with metallic-green and purple hues on either side, small yellow and orange flowers grow on top of the stems. A lovely, vibrant houseplant!
Bestseller No. 4
30-40cm Potted Calathea picturata 'Argentea' Silver Variegated Indoor Houseplant
  • UNIQUE FOLIAGE - As the Calathea 'Argentea' grows, they will produce a vibrant pale green, reddish-purple and white foliage which can be enjoyed all year round. These houseplants will definitely stand...
  • MULTI-COLOURED LEAVES - Commonly known for their unique coloured leaves, the picturata plant will show off lovely silvery white leaves which are bordered by a lush deep green. As the plant grows, look...
  • HOW TO CARE - Situate your calathea plant in a warm humidity room with plenty sheltered sunlight. Water regularly in small amounts during the growing season (April - September) to ensure their soil...
Bestseller No. 5
Black Zamioculcas Zamifolia Raven ZZ Plant Indoor houseplant in 13cm Pot
  • Unusual - An almost black black, that dares to attract attention.
  • Zamioculcas Raven - a super easy plant! It does not really matter where you put this dark green friend and it does not need much. You can safely neglect it in a loving way.
  • Water once every 3 - 4 weeks

Last update on 2021-11-27 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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