Do you find that you just don’t have enough floor area when you venture into your small garden?

It may leave you tripping over pots, squeezing into cramped seating areas and longing to be able to grow much more in your outside space.

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Yet, if you think vertically, the smallest space can offer an abundance of produce in pots if you make the most of your walls, windowsills and fences, says Mark Ridsdill Smith, creator of the popular website Vertical Veg (verticalveg.org.uk) and author of a new book, The Vertical Veg Guide To Container Gardening.

Vertical space on a ledge
(Sarah Cuttle/PA)

Ridsdill Smith, who runs workshops for new growers, found his passion for edible plants when he lived in London and only had room to grow plants on his balcony windowsills. He then moved to Newcastle where he grew veg in the concrete backyards of two rented homes before moving to his present house, where he has a container garden in his concrete front yard.

“Using containers is a brilliant way of growing food in a small space, whether it be a balcony or even just a windowsill,” he says.

He offers the following tips on ways to maximise growing potential in your vertical space.

1. Think about platforms and prettiness

Display pots of pretty edibles on a ladder
Display pots of pretty edibles on a ladder (Alamy/PA)

“If you’ve an old ladder or plant pockets or shelves to attach to a fence or wall, you can increase the amount of vertical space,” he recommends. Think about using the rungs as shelves to display a number of pots with different edibles.

“If you just have space for one plant growing up a wall, make space for a hanging basket coming down filled with trailing edible flowers like nasturtiums and violas.

“I love growing Orach ‘Scarlet Emperor’, a bright magenta-coloured leaf which tastes like spinach and is really easy to grow, while chard has different coloured stems.”

2. Make use of climbers

 

 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by Roisin (@grow.eat.love.plants)

Veg like climbing French beans and climbing runner beans are ideal for growing in a pot up a wigwam made from three canes tied together at the top. Alternatively use coppiced sticks for a more natural look.

“You can get a lot of beans from one pot,” he says. “They used to be grown as ornamentals because they are really pretty. But they don’t tolerate frost, so start them outdoors at the end of May or indoors a little earlier.”

Attach string to your wall when growing vine tomatoes, squash and other tall plants which grow on one stem, which you can tie in as they grow. Blackberries would also grow in this way, he adds.

“Cherry tomatoes such as Gardener’s Delight are good, but they will need sowing inside in spring, or you could buy plants for planting outside in June.”

 

 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by Tom Lynn (@thenovice_gardener)

For this to work effectively, you’ll need an attachment point above the plant, whether it be screwing small eyes into the wall above, or finding an old nail to run vertical lines down to your plants.

You can even grow tomatoes in a pot on the windowsill if you tie the string to the top of the windowsill and then tie the other end loosely round the base of the plant, winding it around as it grows.

3. Make a vertical herb garden

“You can repot supermarket herbs into larger pots to encourage growth. Split plants like parsley and basil, but you won’t need to split mint. Alternatively go to a herb nursery. Herbs really are one of the easiest things to start with,” Ridsdill Smith says.

You can put them in a row on shelving on your wall, grow them in window boxes or on a balcony and pick the leaves when you need them. “Most of them don’t need very much sun, either.”

4. Start off with micro-greens

Transform your windowsill into a herb garden
Transform your windowsill into a herb garden (Mark Ridsdill Smith/PA)

“These are great for beginners. They grow really quickly, so you get a crop in about two weeks. Pea shoots are very tasty. Buy dried peas from the supermarket and sow them in a seed tray thickly and you’ll have pea shoots in two weeks. They are better grown outside and are best grown at this time of year,” he says.

5. Trail veg from hanging baskets

 

 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by Mollypiea (@mollypiea)

A bracket is all you need from which to suspend a hanging basket, which will provide you with trailing tomatoes and salad leaves, he recommends.

6. Invest in fruits

“They require a longer investment of time, but you can easily grow fruit in a pot, which will make use of your vertical space. Fruits like blackberries – there’s a thornless type called Loch Tay which fruits in July – will grow up a wigwam.”

7. Grow salad leaves in wall pouches

 

 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by The Sussex Gardener (@thesussexgardener)

“Salad leaves are among the easiest things to grow. There are so many different varieties – mustard, rocket, sorrel and many others. You can have this really mixed diversity of leaves which looks really pretty. Include some nasturtiums as the flowers look lovely and can be eaten,” he advises.

8. Use water reservoirs

If you have a sunny garden and want to save time on thirsty plants such as tomatoes and beans, grow them in containers with a reservoir, he advises. They are brilliant for sun-loving plants like chillies, aubergines and peppers. You may struggle with some salad crops in mid-summer which could run to seed (bolt) in the heat.

9. And if you have a shady small garden…

Salad leaves will take some shade
Salad leaves will take some shade (Alamy/PA)

“Focus on all the leafy herbs and vegetables, kale, chard and spinach, plus woodland fruits such as raspberries, blackberries, blueberries and rhubarb,” he says. “They will be OK in three to four hours’ sun, but if not, concentrate on herbs and microgreens.”

The Vertical Veg Guide To Container Gardening by Mark Ridsdill Smith is published by Chelsea Green on March 24, priced £25.

 

Best-selling vertical planters for veg and flowers

Stuck for inspiration? Check out our list of best-selling Amazon products!

Bestseller No. 1
unho Vertical Raised Garden Bed, 3 Tier Raised Growing Planter Wooden Planter Box Herb Planter...
  • Ideal Freestanding Vertical Garen for Narrow Space: The space-efficient raised planter stands fit well with a tight space. It has 3 tiers in all and the space increases from top to bottom that large...
  • Made of Quality Solid Wood: Made of 100% natural safe pine wood, which is environmental friendly and solid. These elevated planters is solid enough to hold up to 80kg of soil. Coming with smooth...
  • Safety & Water-saving Design: The base of the shelf has two arc shapes which are conducive to increased stability and make the shelf hard to shake. All four sides have high plates which give the...
Bestseller No. 2
COSTWAY 3-Tier Raised Garden Bed, Vertical Flower Pots Rack with Detachable Ladder and Adjustable...
  • 【Three Holes Design On Each Side】Both side of each layer has three holes on the side, which not only adjusts the height of each layer, but also adjusts the slope to make it into a trapezoid. This...
  • 【3Tier Design Provides Larger Capacity】The raised garden bed has 3 tiers, large enough to place lots of bonsai and green plants. The height between the layers increases from top to bottom to...
  • 【Sturdy & Water-saving Design】The base of the shelf has two arc shapes which are conducive to increased stability, make the shelf hard to shake. All four sides have high plates, it give the plants...
Bestseller No. 3
MEIWO Hanging Planter Bags Deeper and Bigger 7 Pocket Hanging Vertical Garden Wall Planter Outdoor...
  • STURDY & DURABLE GARDEN PLANTER - The Meiwo garden wall planters is made of high quality breathable felt cloth that is rugged, self-absorbing, corrosion-resistant, and resistant to UV rays and will...
  • SAVES YOUR SPACE - Meiwo fence planter are different from traditional plant growing, they are hung vertically on the wall and can effectively save your space, suitable as a mural to decorate a room,...
  • DEEP AND LARGE ENOUGH - The newly upgraded wall planter pockets are bigger and deeper, suitable for the needs of growing flowers, vegetables, strawberries, hanging plants etc. With 7 pockets for...
Bestseller No. 4
Plant Pots Indoor,Plastic Planters Outdoor,Stackable Planters,Herbs Pots,3D Four-Petal Flower...
  • 【🍀Automatic Draining】Excess water will be automatically discharged from the internal drain hole.Each layer is equipped with mud partition board to separate soil from water to prevent plant...
  • 【🍀Great for Indoor Herb Garden】Set up this stacked planter in your home balcony garden and grow your favorite plants, such as strawberries or flowers.
  • 【🍀Easy and Compact】When the stackable planter is used with the tray, it is a small mobile planting room.The three-dimensional multi-layer combination design can save space and add green to the...
SaleBestseller No. 5
Outsunny 85cm x 45cm x 141cm 4-Tier Raised Garden Bed, Fir Wood Vertical Flower Pots Rack with Angle...
  • SUFFICIENT PLANT SPACE: Store a lot of soil in four deep plant beds to provide enough space for plants and vegetables to fully realize their potential. This also makes it easy to put plants at...
  • ADJUSTABLE ANGLE: Both sides of the top three layers have three holes, which can be adjusted the slope to ensure good lighting, and fully ventilation for the flower and plants
  • GOOD BREATHABILITY: The space between each planter box ensures the breathability around each plant is tip top! The non-woven fabric of the raised garden can protect the soil from loss
Bestseller No. 6
3 Pack Potato Grow Bags, 7 Gallon Non-woven Fabric Plant Growing Bags with Handles, Large Vegetables...
  • 🍅【Sturdy Fabric Material】 Made of 450g of thickened nonwoven fabric, these pots are moderately permeable, and BPA-free, waterproof, easy to hanging with handles,can use it anywhere stairs,...
  • 🥔【Great Drainage 】Nonwoven fabric means the pots do not retain excess water, allowing your roots to breathe for healthier, more vigorous growth, Whether growing vegetables or flowers, Plants...
  • 🥕【Durable& Reinforced Handles 】While the competition uses flimsy handles that are merely strips of the same fabric the pot is made from, we use stitches to sew handles onto the pot so they can...
SaleBestseller No. 7
Beanwood Wooden Herb, Strawberry & Flower Tiered Garden Planter | 6-Box | Pressure Treated Wood
  • Long lasting treated timber
  • Gap drainage system gives even drain and prevents root rot
  • Extra stable A-frame design with leg bracing - all instructions included

Last update on 2022-05-12 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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